There are many different Verbascum species, and studiesTrusted Source show many have polyphenols. These compoundsTrusted Source
can have antioxidant and anti-inflammatoryTrusted Source properties.
Some active compounds of mullein include:
* saponinsTrusted Source, which have anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving, and antitumor properties
* flavonoidsTrusted Source, which have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties
* phenylethanoidTrusted Source glycosides, which have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiviral properties
* iridoidsTrusted Source, which have anti-inflammatory properties